Lizard fish, Philippines. Photo by Stephane Rochon.

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Beste video's

Sea slugs feeding and mating. Part 19 of my documentary, "Mucky Secrets", about the fascinating marine creatures of the Lembeh Strait in Indonesia. Watch the full 90-minute documentary at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nJMZ6reOB0E

In this video we study how sea slugs (including nudibranchs) feed and mate.

All known nudibranchs are carnivores. The biggest family of nudibranchs, the chromodoridids, feed exclusively on sponges.

Most sea slugs have a ribbon-like tongue covered in microscopic teeth called a radula to help them consume their prey. The form of the radula varies greatly and is important as a basis for taxonomic classification.

We see a pleurobranch, Pleurobranchus forskalii, a different type of sea slug, feeding on an ascidian, or "sea squirt", a type of tunicate.

Nembrotha nudibranchs also feed on ascidians. We see a Nembrotha lineolata feeding on a blue club tunicate. The ascidian feeds by filtering plankton from the water with its delicate, blue, sieve-like interior enclosed in a clear outer sac, its tunic. The sea slug everts its proboscis, its oral tube, out of its mouth and, with ruthless efficiency, sucks this fleshy interior right through the tunic. The radula teeth enable the slug to deal with the tougher parts of the sea squirt's intestines.

Most sea slugs are quite specific in their choice of food, and so they are often drawn towards the same place. This increases the chances of encountering others of the same species and finding a mate. As they have no vision, nudibranchs locate each other initially through smell then touch.

During copulation, they line up their genitals which are on the right side of their body. All sea slugs are hermaphrodites and contain both male and female reproductive systems. During mating, each nudibranch receives sperm from the other. 

We see a pair of Nembrotha purpureolineata nudibranchs mating. The penis, which is off to the side, is covered in tiny, sharp barbs which lock it into the vagina, which is at the centre of the stalk. The male organs often mature before the female ones. Small nudibranchs with an immature female reproductive system can store the sperm they receive until they start producing fertile eggs.

We also encounter a mating pair of Hypselodoris bullocki nudibranchs. Their genitals are also covered in tiny spines that anchor them together during copulation.

After fertilisation, a mucus-bound ribbon of eggs is laid in a spiral, often on or near the species' food source. Most egg masses are toxic to predators and are abandoned by the parent.

Hypselodorid nudibranchs often follow each other around, top to tail. The reason for this 'trailing', or "tailgating" behaviour is a mystery. It's thought to be a prelude to mating, but in some cases the trailing slug might simply be getting an easy ride in the search for food.

There are English captions showing either the full narration or the common and scientific names of the marine life, along with the dive site names.

The full Mucky Secrets nature documentary features a huge diversity of weird and wonderful marine animals including frogfish, nudibranchs, scorpionfish, crabs, shrimps, moray eels, seahorses, octopus, cuttlefish etc..

Thanks to Kevin MacLeod of http://www.incompetech.com for the music track, "Perspectives", which is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.

Thanks to the staff and keen-eyed divemasters of Two Fish Divers (http://www.twofishdivers.com), for accommodation, diving services and critter-spotting.

The video was shot by Nick Hope with a Sony HVR-Z1P HDV camera in a Light & Motion Bluefin HD housing with Light & Motion Elite lights and a flat port. A Century +3.5 diopter was used for the most of the macro footage.

I have more scuba diving videos and underwater footage on my website at:
http://www.bubblevision.com

I post updates about my videos here:
http://www.facebook.com/bubblevision
http://google.com/+bubblevision
http://www.twitter.com/nicholashope
http://bubblevision.tumblr.com

Full list of marine life and dive sites featured in this video:

00:00 Nudibranch, Hypselodoris emma, Aer Perang
00:15 Nudibranch, Hypselodoris emma, TK 3
00:21 Nudibranch, Hypselodoris apolegma, Police Pier
00:28 Nudibranch, Hypselodoris whitei, Aw Shucks
00:33 Nudibranch, Chromodoris annae, Tanjung Kusu-Kusu
00:38 Nudibranch, Hypselodoris apolegma, Aer Perang
00:43 Pleurobranch, Pleurobranchus forskalii, Two Fish Divers house reef
00:59 Nudibranch, Nembrotha lineolata, Nudi Falls
01:55 Nudibranchs, Nembrotha purpureolineata & Nembrotha yonowae, TK 1
02:07 Nudibranch, Nembrotha purpureolineata, TK 1
03:20 Nudibranch, Hypselodoris bullocki, Critter Hunt
03:33 Nudibranch, Doriprismatica atromarginata, Nudi Falls
03:43 Nudibranch, Ceratosoma tenue, Aer Perang
03:53 Nudibranch, Hypselodoris tryoni, Nudi Falls 04:51

Nudi Falls
Indonesia

Liveaboard diving on Ocean Hunter III (Fish`n Fins)
filmed with gopro hero 2 and Sub Zero Underwater Housing

Musik by Tryad 13:05

Wakatake
Republic of Palau

Dive n Surf video contest entry 04:03

Veteran's Park
United States of America


Beste foto's

duikfoto

Agpanabat Sanctuary
Philippines

duikfoto

The Cutt
Bahamas

duikfoto

Light House
Greece

duikfoto

Boat wreck
Greece


  What's up

  • jun 02 
    [ Foto ] Morgiou France, Mediterranean, Cassis.
  • jun 02 
    [ Foto ] Morgiou France, Mediterranean, Cassis.
  • jun 02 
    [ Foto ] Morgiou France, Mediterranean, Cassis.
  • jun 02 
    [ Foto ] Morgiou France, Mediterranean, Cassis.
  • jun 02 
    [ Foto ] Morgiou France, Mediterranean, Cassis.
  • jun 02 
    [ Foto ] Morgiou France, Mediterranean, Cassis.
  • jun 02 
    [ Foto ] Morgiou France, Mediterranean, Cassis.
  • jun 02 
    [ Foto ] Morgiou France, Mediterranean, Cassis.
  • jun 02 
    [ Foto ] Morgiou France, Mediterranean, Cassis.
  • jun 02 
    [ Duiklocatie ] GROTTE DU CAPELAN France, Mediterranean, Cassis
  • jun 02 
    [ Foto ] GROTTE DU CAPELAN France, Mediterranean, Cassis.
  • jun 02 
    [ Foto ] GROTTE DU CAPELAN France, Mediterranean, Cassis.
  • jun 02 
    [ Foto ] GROTTE DU CAPELAN France, Mediterranean, Cassis.
  • jun 02 
    [ Foto ] GROTTE DU CAPELAN France, Mediterranean, Cassis.
  • mei 29 
    [ Duiklocatie ] Mise à L'Eau de La Ciotat France, Mediterranean, La Ciotat
  • mei 29 
    [ Foto ] Mise à L Eau de La Ciotat France, Mediterranean, La Ciotat. Réglementation de l'accès au port!!!
  • mei 29 
    [ Foto ] Le Barancan France, Mediterranean, La Ciotat.
  • mei 29 
    [ Foto ] Le Barancan France, Mediterranean, La Ciotat. LANGOUSTE ET CORAIL
  • mei 29 
    [ Foto ] Le Barancan France, Mediterranean, La Ciotat. ŒUFS DE POULPE
  • mei 25 
    [ Foto ] La Balise de L Esquillade France, Mediterranean, Lavandou. Algues filamenteuses en mai 2015
  • mei 25 
    [ Foto ] La Balise de L Esquillade France, Mediterranean, Lavandou. banc de Barracuda
  • mei 25 
    [ Foto ] La Balise de L Esquillade France, Mediterranean, Lavandou.
  • mei 25 
    [ Foto ] La Balise de L Esquillade France, Mediterranean, Lavandou.
  • mei 25 
    [ Foto ] La Balise de L Esquillade France, Mediterranean, Lavandou.
  • mei 25 
    [ Foto ] La Balise de L Esquillade France, Mediterranean, Lavandou. banc de castagnoles

  Nieuwe locatie info

  • dec 20 
    [ Info ] Wannadive è avaiable in italiano! Hi, Wannadive è avaiable in italiano! Today we are very happy to announce that Wannadive interface is available in Italian. We would like to thanks the following translators for their help and great Christmas gift! * Dave Noise (from Wannasurf) * Riccardo Ghetti (from Wannadive) * Lorenzo Facchin (from Wannadive) All Italian divers can now switch to Italian language by using the language selector at the top of Wannadive pages. Enjoy! We wish you a merry Christmas. WD Team
  • sep 18 
    [ Info ] Wannadive is safe! Hi, Firefox and Chrome users may experiment some difficulties in accessing Wannadive with their web browser. An ugly screen is telling Wannadive could provide malwares and not be safe!... Our ad server has been attacked Sept 15, and we did fix the problem a couple of hours later. Wannadive is now 100% safe. What still happen? Firefox and Google uses a database to track websites where malwares were detected. We ask Google to remove Wannadive from this database but it can takes a few hours/days? :-( Waiting for Google update, you can use a different web browser to access your favorite dive site atlas and community: Internet Explorer or Opera. Those browsers don\'t check Google\'s database. All the best, Wannadive team
  • jun 06 
    [ Info ] Facebook friends of Wannadive I've setup the website to embed the new "Wannadive Facebook Page" like box. See the new block at the bottom-right of any pages on this website. Like Wannadive; join the new Wannadive page ;-)

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